Tuesday, April 21, 2009

Health Benefits of Exercise and Physical Activity:

Health Benefits of Exercise and Physical Activity:
1) Reduced risk of premature death
2) Reduced risk of developing and/or dying from heart disease
3) Reduced high blood pressure or the risk of developing high blood pressure. Helps
reduce blood pressure in people who already have high blood pressure.
4) Reduced high cholesterol or the risk of developing high cholesterol
5) Reduced risk of developing colon cancer and breast cancer
6) Reduced risk of developing diabetes
7) Reduces or maintains body weight or body fat
8) Builds and maintains healthy muscles, bones, and joints
9) Reduced depression and anxiety
10) Improved psychological well-being ,enhanced work, recreation, and sport performance
11) Helps older adults become stronger and better able to move about without falling.
Benefits of Aerobic Exercise:
12) Increased maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max)
13) Improvement in cardiovascular/cardio respiratory function (heart and lungs)
14) Increased maximal cardiac output (amount of blood pumped every minute)
15) Increased maximal stroke volume (amount of blood pumped with each beat)
16) Increased blood volume and ability to carry oxygen
17) Reduced workload on the heart (myocardial oxygen consumption) for any given
sub maximal exercise intensity
18) Increased blood supply to muscles and ability to use oxygen
19) Lower heart rate and blood pressure at any level of sub maximal exercise
20) Increased threshold for lactic acid accumulation
21) Lower resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure in people with high blood pressure
22) Increased HDL Cholesterol (the good cholesterol)
23) Decreased blood triglycerides
24) Reduced body fat and improved weight control
25) Improved glucose tolerance and reduced insulin resistance
Benefits of Strength Training:
26) Increased muscular strength
27) Increased strength of tendons and ligaments
28) Potentially improves flexibility (range of motion of joints)
29) Reduced body fat and increased lean body mass (muscle mass)
30) Potentially decreases resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure
31) Positive changes in blood cholesterol
32) Improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity
33) Improved strength, balance, and functional ability in older adults

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